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What are Visual Perception Problems?

Visual Perception problems

Visual perception problems or processing issues are challenges with understanding, processing, and executing visual information. It is important to note that this is not a problem with vision. In fact, students with visual perception problems will pass a vision test easily. But they may struggle to notice the difference between a triangle and a square.

Visual perception issues are often very complex as they affect many areas. Moreover, they can interfere with learning patterns. They also impact day-to-day life. Such as, sorting clothes or playing sports. It can result in problems with reading, doing math, and understanding charts, maps, and pictures.

How Visual Perception Challenges Leads to Poor Academic practices.

 Visual discrimination: 

This issue results in difficulty understanding differences in similar letters, shapes, or objects. Visual discrimination is often described by confusing b with d or p with q.

Figure-ground discrimination: 

It is coupled with issues of observing or ‘pulling out’ shapes against a background. This can make reading comprehension extremely challenging.


Difficulty with recognizing the order of things on a page. Such students might skip words or lines. They might reverse the order.


Often recognized as hand-eye coordination problems; writing within the lines is hard, and copying from a book/board may be a challenge; these students may also appear clumsy

 Visual memory: 

It becomes difficult to remember what they saw. This may result in hurdles with reading and spelling as well as using calculators and keyboards


They may feel trouble in telling where objects are in space. For example, how far objects are apart from each other. This includes objects and characters described on paper. In addition to this the spoken narrating and reading maps, and finding time can be a challenge.

 Visual closure: 

They feel difficulty while identifying something. Especially when it is partially visible, or filling in the missing pieces. This can be challenging when drawing something. Or cause spelling mistakes as well.

 Letter/symbol reversal: 

They use to Switch between letters or numbers during writing.

What Causes Visual Perception issues?

According to some researchers, the main reason behind visual perception disorder could be premature birth. Besides, it could be because of some head injury. Nevertheless, the causes may differ from child to child. Although it can be improved with the help of proper therapies. It might be a bit difficult to search for someone who can diagnose visual perception disorder. But if you are located in Toronto, The House of Child Development and Coaching might help you.

Common Concerns Associated with Visual Perception Disorder

 Academic challenges

Students have difficulty with reading, writing, and math. They also have difficulty while copying from the board. And organizing the layout of their work.

They may lose their attention when reading and tracking where others are if others are reading aloud to them.
Students may confuse common signs, for example mixing up + and -.

 Emotional challenges

Students with visual perception problems are likely to fall behind at school. Leading to frustration and poor relationships with peers.


Students with visual perception problems often appear as if they have dyslexia or attention difficulties. This can lead to inappropriate help and support often leading to more confusion for the student.

 Life skills

Visual processing issues can make simple tasks hard, from matching socks to learning phone numbers. Children may seem uncoordinated and will often run into things.

Educational Support for Children with Visual Perception problems

Visual perception disorder may be tough to deal with. However there are some exercises to reduce the impact.

  1. Colouring, highlighting, and adapting worksheets to simplify the volume of visual information.

2.  Using repetitive Direct Instruction delivered in different modalities.

 3. Training on assistive technology, typing skills, or alternative writing mediums to support writing challenges.

 4. Providing multi-sensory feedback when completing tasks.

 5. Supporting the development of accommodations such as large print, simplifying websites, and object reading guides.

 6. Integrating fine and gross motor development activities into class time.

Get Started with Visual Perception Challenge Support Today. Contact us for more information.